A counselor as by definition is a person trained to give guidance on personal, social, or psychological problems.
So what does it mean to be considered a counselor? Counselors are trained professional that can help solve your personal problems. Psychotherapists help children, teens and adults resolves issues and Professional counsellors and psychotherapists help individuals explore and work through personal problems that are intrapsychic and interpersonal. Counselors work within the boundaries of a clearly drafted and principled relationship.
There are three different types of counseling they are:
Psychodynamic: Psychodynamics, is known as psychodynamic psychology, in its broadest sense, is an approach to psychology that emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human feelings, emotions, behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early childhood experiences.
Psychodynamics is a psychotherapeutic techniques that derive from Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. Psychodynamics approach focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifested in the child, teen or adults current behavior.
Some examples of psychodynamics behavior are recurring hand washing could be linked to a trauma in childhood that can contribute to this behavior. Another psychodynamic behavior is hair pulling or plucking. Compulsively counting footsteps could be linked to an incident in childhood.
Some of the WEAKNESSES of psychodynamics are that suffering childhood trauma will lead to abnormal behavior in adulthood, however, it ignores the influence of biology and genes , and thinking patterns and risk reward thinking patterns cognitive approach and how we work through these things as we age.
Psychodynamic is a therapy that is primarily used to treat serious psychological disorders such as: depression and other disorders, especially in those who have difficulty forming or maintaining personal relationships or establishing meaning in their lives.
Another approach a counselor uses is called: a humanistic approach.
The humanistic approach is thus often called the “third force” in psychology after psychoanalysis and behaviorism (Maslow, 1968). The humanistic approach studies the uniqueness of the person and the person as a whole .
Essentially, these terms refer to the same approach in psychology. This humanistic approach in psychology developed as a rebellion against what some psychologists saw as the limitations of the psychodynamic and behaviorist psychodynamics.
Humanistic psychology gained popularity throughout the 1970s and the 1980s. The impact of humanistic psychology can be understood in terms of three areas:
2) It offered an expanded horizon of human behavior methods and the inquiry of human behavior.
3) It offered a broader range of more effective methods in the of psychotherapy. and professional practice.
Humanistic psychology approach is optimistic and focuses on the noble human capacity to overcome pain, hardship, and despair.
The fundamental assumptions of humanistic psychology include: sensing, thinking, feeling, remembering, experiencing, perceiving and so on.
Examples of humanistic thinking are sensitivity training at places of employment, where employees are taught that others have the same desires and needs as they do. This sensitivity training is a way of downplaying differences in culture, belief, physicality, skin color, and among many other things.
In a classroom Humanistic thinking provides choices to students in a given subject or task that the student has selected. Choice is the basic building block to humanistic learning, so teachers have a role in helping work with students to make choices about what they learn.
Teachers in humanistic thinking offer help for students, and provide options, they allow students to evaluate what they’re excited about, etc. By creating opportunities for group work with peers, teachers create the framework for a solid understanding of how humans related to one another in group settings.
Another form of Psychodynamic Therapy is called Object Relations Theory.
Object Relations Theory suggests that the way infants and mothers interact plays a vital role in infant development and growth. If care is good enough or considered adequate children are able to develop their true selves, which is the part of the baby that is spontaneous and creative.
People who lack whole object relations skills also lack constancy. Object constancy is the ability to maintain your positive feelings for someone while you are angry, hurt, frustrated or feeling , or disappointed with their behavior. Without object constancy, every fight becomes a potential breakup.
The idea of Whole object relations skills correlates directly into marriage counseling. Marriage counseling, or couples counseling is a type of psychotherapy for a established partners or married couples that try to resolve problems within the relationship. Most generally, two people attend counseling sessions together to talk through specific issues.
One of the most basic and important understanding of marriage counseling is called the ability to understand the other persons emotional call , these calls can be attempts to get affirmation, , affection, attention, or any other emotional need.
Decades of research show that partners in happy marriages engage with a majority (86%) of each other’s Emotional Calls, while partners in unhappy marriages (heading for divorce) engage with a minority (33%) of them.
Emotional Calls in marriages can be straightforward, like “how was your day” or “how do I look or “What do you want to do today?” Or, they can be large and complicated, such as a long sigh or your husband or wife need for comfort during a difficult time, or a seemingly angry remark.
All of these are types of Emotional Calls.
Husband and wife sends dozens to you every day, which adds up to 6,000 to 111,000 per year and 255,000 to 550,000 in a 45-year marriage.
At the core of every emotional call, you’re really asking one other one question:
“Will you be there for me?”
Another form of Counseling is called Guidance Counseling>
Guidance Counseling is another form of counseling that embarks on helping youngsters how to prepare for future careers. Guidance counselors develop and implement a counseling play that is all-encompassing someone’s educational needs.
A guidance counselor is a wonderful resource to help both parents and students. A guidance counselor can help a student understand educational goals and meet them.
Many roles a guidance counselor plays is during this phase of life it is not uncommon to be struggling with mental health, school, or life in general. Many teens can become isolated, especially young people who are still developing their voice and their place in the world.
There are more than 250,000 guidance counselors in the United States alone, these professional may not teach in the classroom but can have just as great of an impact as teachers do.
The goal of a guidance counselors is to ensure that every student reaches their fullest potential in life.
Another form of counseling is called: Rehabilitation counseling.
Rehabilitation counsel people with sensory, physical, cognitive disabilities, developmental and those with mental health or other health conditions that are acquired at birth or resulting from disease, stress, illness, accident, or military service . By using counseling techniques interventions. Rehabilitation therapists help their clients overcome attitude barriers and environmental issues , and teach them how to obtain needed services and use technology that can assist them.
Another form of counseling is substance abuse counseling:
A substance abuse counselor is a support system for people with drug and alcohol problems, eating disorders and other behavioral issues.
Substance abuse involves drug addiction, which is a disease that affects a person’s behavior and brain and leads to an inability to control the use of a illegal drugs or legal or medications. Substances such as nicotine, marijuana , and alcohol, also are considered drugs.